Numerous books and scholarly articles (and these days, websites) have been produced over the 1400-year history of Islam on the question of punishment for apostates – including execution – required and permitted by the Islamic legal and political doctrine of Shariah. These include discussions between authoritative Shariah scholars, between Shariah authorities and ordinary Muslims, and a wide range of books and commentary by non-Muslims including apostates themselves.
We have organized resources on the pages under this section, and on the “Resources” pages by individual fatwa or the type of publication. At the moment, all works mentioned here are in English, but we hope with the help of the many apostate organizations worldwide to expand to include works in many languages. Please visit the many excellent organizations and encyclopedic websites listed in the “Resources” section for a wealth of additional materials.